Varicose veins would be best described as enlarged and swollen veins appearing on the surface of the skin. These veins would usually appear in purple or dark blue colour. It would be pertinent to mention here that any vein would transform into varice. However, the most common affected area would be that of legs and feet. The major reason would be due to excessive standing and walking in an upright position, which increases the pressure in the veins located in the lower half of the body. It would cause veins to malfunction and result in varicose veins problem.
Cause of varicose veins
You may be aware that normal function of vein is to carry blood to the heart. However, when you are in some kind of activity, such as walking, the calf muscle would act as a pump for compressing the leg veins. The result would be blood forced back towards the heart. In order to prevent blood from flowing in the opposite direction, the leaflets valves in the veins would come into play. These valves would stop the blood to flow in the opposite direction. In case of faulty valves, which give rise to the condition known as valvular incompetence, the blood would flow in the opposite direction down to the legs.
The process has been termed as reflux, which results in veins enlarging and transforming into varicose. When the veins transform into varicose, they tend to lose their ability of snapping back in the right shape. It would become similar to plastic rather than being elastic. Varicose veins have not been popular for self-healing. Either the condition would become stabilized with the compression hose or you would be required to make use of vein treatments. The larger saphenous vein would be the common damaged vein leading to varicose veins in the leg.
Are you at risk of suffering from varicose veins condition?
Several kinds of risk aspects have been associated with varicose veins. These risks would entail history of the family with varicose veins, pregnancy and obesity, hormonal changes, past vein diseases, standing for prolonged period and more. Several women have been known to suffer from varicose veins condition more than men do. Moreover, varicose veins could appear after a significant trauma to the region.
Different treatments for varicose veins condition
Varicose veins could be treated with different kinds of procedures. The most common would be
- Compression stockings
- Surgical stripping
- Laser treatment